Gardening is the process of cultivating and growing various plants in soil to feed people and animals. In ancient gardens, ornamental crops were grown mainly for their flowers, leaves, or appearance; more useful crops, like herbs and fruits, were grown for other reasons, usually for food. Modern gardens still often contain decorative plants, but landscaping has evolved so that the plants are grown to improve the landscape. The beauty of a well-designed garden is not just the plants themselves, but the way they are arranged in a design that fits with the overall theme of the property. Starting a garden can be expensive and time-consuming, but it can also be rewarding, adding to property value and bringing pleasure to family life.
All plants need three main things to survive: light, water and nutrients. Gardening focuses on providing these three, but provides an added bonus of bringing joy and relaxation to the gardener as well. There are three primary types of gardening: home gardening, commercial gardening, and ornamental gardening. Home gardening is for private use by the owner. Commercial gardening is for public use. Ornamental gardening involves adding plants to landscapes to make them look attractive and decrease traffic.
Home gardening focuses on plantings that are permanent. These include shrubs, hedges, and vines. Plants that require constant care should be planted in terracotta pots, not plastic tubs. Potted plants should be checked frequently for insects and fungal diseases. Mulching the soil keeps soil temperatures moderate and provides insulation for the root system, making for healthy plantings.
Landscaping gardens are usually decorative, providing flowers and a few trees in a semi-open landscape. These should be planned before planting, as there are many different types of landscaping gardens, and each one requires certain characteristics. The main article focuses on tropical landscaping. In this article:
Vegetable gardening is one of the most popular forms of gardening today. It allows the gardener the advantage of using all types of vegetables, at varying degrees of taste and texture. The most important gardening season is from mid-December through march. This is the time when most people are gardening. Some of the most common vegetable gardening includes container gardening, raised bed gardening, soil gardening, and herb gardening.
Some of the most practical gardening techniques include straw hogging, hanging baskets, mulching, and covering crops with organic matter. Many people use flowers to attract butterflies and birds to their gardens. There are many different types of flowers used for this purpose, including but not limited to roses, hydrangeas, tulips, daffodils, begonias, and carnations. Hanging baskets and plastic flower pots provide great habitats for birds and butterflies and contain the natural color and scent of the flowers in bloom.
Caring for a garden can be a challenge for an inexperienced gardener. If the gardener does not have good soil or water conditions, the plants will often suffer. Garden pests such as bugs and snails can cause significant damage to a garden. To combat these issues, the gardener should be aware of the proper lawn care practices and how to avoid harmful pesticides. Gardeners that know how to garden properly can extend their growing seasons and keep their plants healthy.
Farming is a traditional method of gardening. Farming is done to grow food or to raise livestock. A variety of crops can be farmed, including corn, lettuce, squash, potatoes, and a variety of fruits. Most individuals will choose one crop and plant a small number of seeds to produce many different types of food. Farming can range from being fairly easy to extremely difficult. Most gardening books will focus on the more difficult aspects of farming, which will help anyone that is interested in a career in the agricultural arts.